SPINAL CORD INJURY Impairment or LOSS of motor/sensory/autonomic function of lower limb and sometimes involve trunk.

Sign & symptoms :

  • Pain or an intense stinging sensation
  • Loss of movement
  • Loss of sensation, including the ability to feel heat, cold and touch
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control
  • Exaggerated reflex activities or spasms
  • Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity and fertility
  • Difficulty breathing, coughing or clearing secretions from your lungs

Causes :

  • After spinal cord injury, impairment of information traveling along the spinal nerves below the level of injury, resulting in paraplegia
  • The messages will be blocked by the damage in the spinal cord at the level of injury however at above the level of injury will be unaffected and continue to work as normal


  • Being male - Spinal cord injuries affect a disproportionate number of men.
  • Being between the ages of 16 and 30 - More than half of spinal cord injuries occur in people in this age range.
  • Being 65 and older - Another spike in spinal cord injuries occurs at age 65. Falls cause most injuries in older adults.
  • Alcohol use - Alcohol use is involved in about 25 % of traumatic spinal cord injuries.

  • Engaging in risky behavior - Diving into too-shallow water or playing sports without wearing the proper safety gear or taking proper precautions can lead to spinal cord injuries. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries for people under 65.
  • Having certain diseases - A relatively minor injury can cause a spinal cord injury if you have another disorder that affects your joints or bones, such as osteoporosis.


  • Strength Training - Therapists can use braces, parallel bars, and other walking aids to work on the balance weight-bearing of the patient. In combination with those instruments, the therapist needs to train the patient using the repetitive and intensive practice of gait.
  • Balance Training - This type of training often combines aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility training.
  • Respiratory Muscle Training - consists of inspiratory, expiratory, or both improvements in muscle strength and endurance. Normocapnic hyperpnoea is a method of respiratory muscle endurance training that simultaneously trains the inspiratory and expiratory muscles.



Physiomobile Safety Checklist

  • Symptom-free therapist policies

  • Symptom-free client confirmation

  • All equipment to be thoroughly sanitized before each session

  • Only fully vaccinated therapists will be assigned to ensure mothers safety with PPEs appliance on duty

  • PPEs change by therapists between appointments

  • Deep cleaning and sanitizing of hands before contact

  • Sheets removal / disposal handling policy

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