Knee pain


Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. It could also be the result of medical conditions such as arthritis, gout, and infections. Many types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Physical therapy and knee braces can also help to relieve knee pain. However, in some severe cases, your knee may need to undergo surgical repair.


  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Redness and warmth to the touch
  • Weakness or instability
  • Popping or crunching noises
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee


Knee pain can be caused by injuries, mechanical problems, types of arthritis and other problems.

  • Fractures
  • Torn Meniscus
  • Knee Bursitis
  • Patellar Tendinitis
  • Muscle Imbalance
  • Repetitive stress injuries
  • Ligament and tendon injuries

Risk factors :

  • Excess weight - Being overweight or obese increases stress on your knee joints, even during ordinary activities such as walking or going up and down stairs
  • Lack of muscle flexibility or strength - Strong muscles help stabilize and protect your joints, and muscle flexibility can help you achieve full range of motion
  • Certain sports or occupations - Some sports or occupations may put greater stress on your knees


Knee Pain Can Be Caused By One Of The Following Problems ?

  • Knee Osteoarthritis - Damage to the cartilage of the knee joint where cartilage thinning occurs

  • Patella Dislocate - Dislocation of kneecap

  • Ligament Injury - ACL, PCL, MCL & LCL

  • Iliotibial Band Syndrome - Inflammation of the muscles on the sides of the thighs

  • Meniscus Injury - Meniscus injury is injury of the meniscus which often occur during sports

  • Bursitis - There is a swelling of membrane that contains the lubricating fluid found in the knee joint


What Are The Factors That Cause You Pain

  • Joint injury or overuse - Injury or overuse, such as knee bending and repetitive stress on a joint, can damage a joint and increase the risk of OA in that joint
  • Age - The risk of developing OA increases with age
  • Gender - Women are more likely to develop OA than men, especially after age 50

  • Obesity - Extra weight puts more stress on joints, particularly weight-bearing joints like the hips and knees. This stress increases the risk of OA in that joint. Obesity may also have metabolic effects that increase the risk of OA
  • Genetics - People who have family members with OA are more likely to develop OA. People who have hand OA are more likely to develop knee OA
  • Race - Some Asian populations have lower risk for OA


knee Pain Treatment

Back pain is a situation you cannot take lightly. Many factors contribute to the problem of back pain. Spinal conditions such as Scoliosis, Slipped disc, Spondylosis, Spondylolisthesis, Ankylosing Spondylitis and so on. An accurate diagnosis should be made to identify the cause of a patient’s back pain.

1. Pain management

  • Hot pack - is use to relax muscles, stimulates blood flow and improves circulation, helps increases range of motion, and reduces stiffness in painful joints
  • Cold therapy - can reduce inflammation, a major cause of arthritis joint pain and stiffness. Placing a cold pack on a swollen joint can also help bring it back down to size, which will also lessen joint pain
  • Soft tissue manipulation (STM) - is to rehydrate connective tissue, stimulate the production of ground substance, assist in orienting of collagen fibers, and break micro adhesion. The result is improved soft tissue mobility, reduced stress on pain sensitive structures, and better function
  • Knee joint traction - therapy results in muscle relaxation, stimulation of dynamic muscle contractions, and inhibition of protective muscle reflections, all of which are instrumental in decreasing pain. Moreover, the increase in knee joint space due to continuous knee joint traction also helps reduce pain

2. Exercise (stretching and strengthening exercise)

  • can strengthen the muscles that support your knee joint. Having stronger muscles can reduce the impact and stress on your knee, and help your knee joint move more easily.

3. Patient education

  • has been shown to be effective in decreasing pain and improving activity in patients with osteoarthritis. Patient education should be individualized to the patient, focus on the latest effective treatments, and emphasize those treatments that can be self-managed by the patient


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