NECK PAIN is pain in or around the spine beneath your head, known as the cervical spine. Neck pain is a common symptom of many different injuries and medical conditions. It can be either postural or mechanical.


The cervical spine is responsible for supporting the weight of the head and it should be flexible enough to allow rotation, flexion, extension, and lateral flexion to occur

The most common contributor are as below :

  • Muscle strains - Neck strains are caused by overuse of the neck muscles such as too many hours sat hunched in a chair
  • Weakness - Training the upper traps more than the lower and mid traps may lead to overstimulation of the upper traps resulting in neck pain
  • Worn joints - As we age our joints in the neck become worn down. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage between vertebrae to deteriorate. This can then cause osteophytes to form that can affect range of motion and cause pain
  • Nerve compression - Herniated disks or osteophytes in the vertebrae of your neck can press on the nerves branching out from the intervertebral foramen
  • Injuries - Motor collisions and sporting injuries can often result in whiplash injury, which occurs when the head is jerked backward and then forward, straining the soft tissues of the neck

  • Diseases - Diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis or cancer

Treatment :

  • Pain relief - icepack/hotpack, manual and electrotherapy
  • Exercise - stretching and strengthening
  • Proper home education


Neck pain can occur due to several factors, including :

  • Whiplash Injuries - This injury due to muscles in our neck experience extreme tension due to the movement of the head back and forth in a fast state. Usually this happens during a vehicle accident, fall or collision. Patients with this problem will experience neck pain and stiffness, headaches, dizziness and blurred vision

  • Cervical Spondylosis - This condition usually occurs in adults over 35 years of age. It occurs as ‘wear and tear’ that occurs on your cartilage and neck bones. Patients who face this problem will usually have severe neck pain and neck tension

  • Cervical Slipped Disc - Cervical Slipped Disc is condition when disc protrudes between our neck bones. You will experience pain and tension in the neck. In worse cases, it can pinch nerves and cause headaches along with numbness to the hands
  • Posture - Bad posture such as (head is too bowed/ too forward) when using a computer or mobile phone, will cause the neck muscles to be too tense. The neck also has to work more to accommodate the weight of the head. This in turn causes the neck to become sore and tense. Over time can cause headaches

  • Tension Headaches - Tension headache is one of the most common types of headaches. Patients with this problem will experience pain in the head, a feeling of tightness in the neck and pain in the back of the eyes

  • Sleeping in an awkward position - If the head is held at a bad angle or twists wrong during the night, a stiff neck might be present in the morning

  • Repetitive motions - Turning the head in a repetitive manner, such as side to side while dancing or swimming, may lead to overuse of the neck’s muscles, tendons, and ligaments

Neck Pain Treatment

1. Passive physical therapy

  • Which involves treatments being applied without effort from the patient. Numerous treatment methods are available, such as applying ice packs, heat therapy, massage therapy, ultrasound, electrotherapy, and others. The goal of passive physical therapy is to help reduce pain and swelling.

2. Active physical therapy

  • Which involves the patient moving his or her own body through exercises and stretches. By improving strength and flexibility in the neck, these muscles may become less painful and better able to maintain good posture, which reduces stress on the cervical spine.


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