SPINAL CORD INJURY Risk factors
- Being male - Spinal cord injuries affect a disproportionate number of men.
- Being between the ages of 16 and 30 - More than half of spinal cord injuries occur in people in this age range.
- Being 65 and older - Another spike in spinal cord injuries occurs at age 65. Falls cause most injuries in older adults.
- Alcohol use - Alcohol use is involved in about 25 % of traumatic spinal cord injuries.
- Engaging in risky behavior - Diving into too-shallow water or playing sports without wearing the proper safety gear or taking proper precautions can lead to spinal cord injuries. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries for people under 65.
- Having certain diseases - A relatively minor injury can cause a spinal cord injury if you have another disorder that affects your joints or bones, such as osteoporosis.
SPINAL CORD INJURY treatment
- Strength Training - Therapists can use braces, parallel bars, and other walking aids to work on the balance weight-bearing of the patient. In combination with those instruments, the therapist needs to train the patient using the repetitive and intensive practice of gait.
- Balance Training - This type of training often combines aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility training.
- Respiratory Muscle Training - consists of inspiratory, expiratory, or both improvements in muscle strength and endurance. Normocapnic hyperpnoea is a method of respiratory muscle endurance training that simultaneously trains the inspiratory and expiratory muscles.